3 edition of Technical change, income distribution, and rural poverty found in the catalog.
Technical change, income distribution, and rural poverty
Sharma, R. K.
|LC Classifications||HC437.H29 S5 1992|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||187 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||187|
|LC Control Number||92900495|
Here, however, we are preoccupied not with technology but with poverty. The theme of the book is that the distribution of income in the agricultural sector and the standard of living of the majority of the rural population are greatly affected by the degree of land concentration. As the characteristics of poverty change with the environment, so too must the approaches taken by social workers to address it. For example: Fifty-five percent of rural counties have no social workers (11) The suicide rate is 45 percent higher in rural areas than urban ones (12).
The increase in urban poverty and decrease in rural poverty may also be due to immigration. In fact, when people living in poverty change their residence with no change in income, there will be no increase in the overall poverty, but may be a change in the type and severity of poverty . income distribution and out of poverty during one’s lifetime. Research shows that if you’re born poor, there is a greater likelihood that you will stay poor. 6. This is attributable to the lasting. 5. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. (Updated J ). “Child Poverty.” Rural Poverty and Wellbeing. 6.
Poor Rural Households, Technical Change, and Income Distribution in Less Developed Countries: A Summary Report of Findings From West Africa, Southeast Asia, and Brazil. By Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University, New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Purdue Research. Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.. Measures, like those promoted by Henry George in his economics classic Progress and Poverty, are those that raise, or are intended to raise, ways of enabling the poor to create wealth for themselves as a means of ending poverty forever.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sharma, R.K. (Ramesh Kumar). Technical change, income distribution, and rural poverty. Delhi, India: Shipra Publications. More than a fifth of the world's population lives in absolute poverty, and the majority of the poor live in rural areas.
This volume studies what can be done for alleviating rural poverty. Four chapters address the measurement of poverty and inequality, including the use of household expenditure surveys and intra-household income distribution.
Starts by setting the research presented in the book in historical context, and discusses its rationale and purpose. Describes the research methodology adopted and the objectives of the study, which are two: to document and analyse the recent changes in within‐country income inequality against the background of changes occurring in this area in the two preceding decades; and to identify the.
Downloadable (with restrictions). Abstract Some rural regions of Peru showed remarkable rates of poverty reduction and inequality reduction between andwhile others lagged behind. Using microsimulation-based decompositions, we analyse the driving forces behind these trends, finding that rural poverty and inequality reductions are mainly attributable to increasing labour incomes in Author: Insa Flachsbarth, Simone Schotte, Jann Lay, Alberto Garrido.
The present paper examines socioeconomic changes and decline in rural poverty using a panel dataset collected in the Philippine villages inand The most important finding is the transition of the rural economy away from a regime of low nonfarm income to a regime of high nonfarm income accompanied by a marked decline in by: 6.
Data and research on social and welfare issues including families and children, gender equality, GINI coefficient, well-being, poverty reduction, human capital and inequality., Evidence on income distribution and poverty in OECD countries since the mids, using data that correct for many of the features that limit cross-country and intertemporal comparisons in this field.
The fourth section presents and estimates a model of per capita income distribution. Based on this model, some simple simulation exercises are carried out in the fifth section to illustrate the effects of changes in the independent variables on the incidence and intensity of rural poverty and derive suggestions for policy.
In low-income countries, investing in agriculture has a greater impact on reducing poverty than investing in other sectors, as it offers the most direct route for rural people to benefit from their main assets: land and labour.
Investment in small-scale family farming and in the livelihoods of fishers, forest dwellers and herders, is an. socio-economic determinants of income poverty in rural areas of Ethiopia.
A Simple random sampling was used to select household heads from two rural areas Dodola district, Oromia Regional State, in a year The Binary logistic method was used to find out the determinants of income poverty.
Gladys Thuita, Matilda Ouma, Inequality and Rural Poverty, Emerging Economic Models for Global Sustainability and Social Development, /ch, (), (). Crossref Van Hoang Nguyen, Carolin Funck, Tourism’s Contribution to an Equal Income Distribution: Perspectives from Local Enterprises, Tourism Planning.
‘Nonfarm Income, Inequality, and Land in Rural Egypt,’ Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 50, pp  Alemayehu Geda and Addis Yimer (), Growth, poverty and inequality in Ethiopia: A Macroeconomic Appraisal, Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University. Z = Poverty line estimated using mean household income Y = Average income of the poor rural farm households 3.
Results and Discussion Estimation of Income Distribution In estimating the income distribution of the households, Gini coefficient was computed and the result presented in Table 1.
It could be observed that majority of the households. This paper assesses the changes in household income distribution and poverty situation between and with primary data generated through in-depth household surveys in four villages representing the irrigated, favourable rainfed, and the upland rice ecosystems in the Philippines.
An important finding of the study is that rice accounts for a small and declining fraction. World Development, Vol. 2 No. 1, Januarypp. Changes in Income Distribution and Poverty in India: A Review of the Literature DHARMA KUMAR* Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex The belief is widely held that the distribution of income in India has become more unequal over the last fifteen years or so.
Rural median household income in Mississippi ($40,) was the lowest. For rural areas, the poverty rates varied from the lowest ( percent) in Connecticut to the highest ( percent) in New Mexico. Poverty rates for the urban areas ranged from the lowest ( percent) in Alaska to the highest ( percent) in Mississippi.
There was no evidence of a general increase in land concentration or of loss of land by smallholders and there were sizeable absolute gains in income of all household categories and a decline in the incidence of absolute poverty (for more general discussion of technical change and rural poverty see Lipton and Longhurst, ).
Recent studies have examined the relationship between agrarian change and rural poverty in LDCs concentrating on either exchange or non‐exchange income. Neither. Written by a leading scholar in the field, this textbook provides a thorough introduction to the topic of income distribution and poverty, with additional emphasis on the issues of inequality and discrimination.
Features an empirical flavor throughout and includes optional econometric studies Will appeal to a broad range of readers in various subject areas including economics, sociology.
Li said poverty would be more of a “structural problem” in the future, involving income distribution, employment, and equalization of public services, which cannot be solved with the same technical measures used to address absolute rural poverty.
poverty.2 World Bank poverty lines are based on official national poverty lines or calculated by World Bank staff based on national income and expenditure surveys. Relative poverty compares the person or household’s income (expenditure) to the income distribution of the country of residence; it is a first indicator of inequality.
As a context. Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which claims that, underlying the overall inequality trend, there has been a tendency for rising intrasectoral inequality to be offset by falling rural–urban inequality.
The data reviewed in the.The State of Rural Poverty, Income Distribution and Rural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa By Ali Abdel Gadir Ali, Erik Thorbecke This chapter derives a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from a new and highly disaggregated data set based on .to change s in distribution, differs between urban and rural areas.
Using household survey data from 16 sub-Saharan African countries, Ali and Thorbecke () provide.